Medical News Today

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Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV, is the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection, when your body can no longer fight life-threatening infections. HIV attacks the immune system and weakens your ability to fight infections and disease. There is no cure for HIV, but there are treatments to enable most people with the virus to live a long and healthy life. The best way to prevent HIV is to use a condom for sex and never share needles or other injecting equipment.
Updated: 2 min 48 sec ago

How does ART work?

Mon, 12/17/2018 - 8:00am
HIV medication involves the use of antiretroviral drugs, which suppress viral activity in the body. Learn more about the types and side effects of these drugs here.
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Is amyl nitrite safe?

Fri, 12/14/2018 - 12:00pm
People often take amyl nitrite, commonly referred to as poppers, for the euphoric effects. However, taking poppers can have serious health consequences and may be fatal.
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What to know about HIV false-positives

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 2:00pm
A false-positive HIV test occurs when a test incorrectly indicates that a person has contracted the virus. It can be stressful, and seeking support, taking another test, and learning the reasons for the result can help, as can taking measures to prevent contracting HIV in the future. Learn more here.
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What is it like to live with HIV?

Thu, 12/13/2018 - 12:00pm
Despite facing some challenges, people with HIV can now live as long as anyone else and enjoy happy and productive lives. Learn more about living with HIV here.
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How can alternative treatments help with HIV?

Wed, 12/12/2018 - 7:00pm
Alternative treatments and natural therapies can complement usual HIV medications to improve a person’s mental and physical health. In this article, we look at the benefits, risks, and possible drug interactions related to alternative therapy in people with HIV.
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HIV and a dry cough: What to know

Wed, 12/12/2018 - 1:00pm
A dry cough may be a symptom of HIV during the first few weeks after infection, or it may occur with an HIV complication. Learn about the link between a dry cough and HIV here.
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What is the link between HPV and HIV?

Mon, 12/10/2018 - 6:00pm
HPV and HIV are both sexually transmitted infections caused by viruses. They are separate conditions with different symptoms, treatments, and preventions. A person with HIV may be more prone to contracting HPV and experience worse complications. Learn more here.
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Single-tablet regimens for HIV

Mon, 12/10/2018 - 5:00pm
Following a single-tablet HIV regimen involves taking one pill per day. The pill will contain a combination of two or more antiretroviral drugs. In this article, we look at the benefits of the single-tablet regimen and provide a list of the relevant drugs.
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Pictures and symptoms of common STDs

Fri, 12/07/2018 - 2:00pm
Understanding the symptoms of common STDs can help people notice any changes in their bodies, so that they can identify the signs and get the right treatment. In this article, we provide a visual guide to common STDs with pictures, symptoms, and treatments.
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What are the complications of HIV?

Thu, 12/06/2018 - 1:00pm
While modern medical treatments have drastically reduced the risk of HIV complications, people living with HIV may be more prone to certain illnesses. Learn more here.
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What to know about HAART for HIV

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 5:00pm
HAART refers to any treatment for HIV that uses two or more antiretroviral drugs. Also called combined antiretroviral therapy, this regimen revolutionized HIV treatment in 1996, making it possible to manage HIV long-term. HAART can use seven classes of medication and over 30 antiretroviral drugs.
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What is a 4th generation HIV test?

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 4:00pm
Fourth-generation HIV tests can detect both HIV antibodies and p24 antigens, while the older tests can only check for antibodies. This means that the newer tests can identify HIV sooner. Learn more here.
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HIV and hair loss: What's the link?

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 2:00pm
While older HIV drugs may have caused hair loss, this is unlikely with modern medicines. In this article, learn more about the possible links between HIV and hair loss.
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Differences between HIV-1 and HIV-2

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 8:00am
HIV-1 and HIV-2 are the two main types of HIV. Most people with HIV have HIV-1. Genetic differences between the two viruses mean that diagnosis and treatment of HIV-1 and HIV-2 can be different. Learn more here.
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What causes HIV-related fatigue?

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 7:00am
Fatigue is a common problem among people living with HIV due to its effects on the immune system, psychological factors, or medication side effects. In this article, we discuss the causes and treatments for HIV-related fatigue.
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Liver health in HIV: This gene indicates new therapeutic targets

Wed, 12/05/2018 - 2:00am
A new study explains how the genetic mutation that may have protected our ancestors against the plague could show us how to protect liver health in HIV.
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What are integrase inhibitors for HIV?

Tue, 12/04/2018 - 3:00pm
Integrase inhibitors (INSTIs) are a class of HIV medication. They block an HIV enzyme, and this prevents the virus from multiplying in the blood. Some common brand names include Biktarvy, Tivicay, Vitekta, and Isentress. Here, learn about side effects and how these drugs work.
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Does HIV increase cancer risk?

Tue, 12/04/2018 - 2:00pm
HIV can weaken a person’s immune system, which can increase the risk of certain types of cancer. Such cancers include Kaposi’s sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical, lung, anal, and oral cancer. However, effective treatment can significantly reduce the risk of developing these cancers. Learn more here.
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HIV and AIDS: A timeline and history

Tue, 12/04/2018 - 7:00am
In this article, learn about how HIV and AIDS came to affect humans and how researchers discovered the virus. We also cover how the public response and treatment have evolved over several decades.
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Undetectable viral load: Everything you need to know

Mon, 12/03/2018 - 3:00pm
A person has an undetectable viral load when there are so few viral copies of HIV in their blood that a blood test cannot detect them. This is good for a person’s overall health and means that they cannot transmit the virus to another person. Learn more about an undetectable viral load and how doctors measure it here.
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